Local Geography
 


© Liz Bacom

Petersburg is located on the north end of Mitkof Island in the center of the Inside Passage of Southeast Alaska. It is located approximately 100 miles north of Ketchikan and 120 miles south of Juneau. Mitkof Island is wedge-shaped, approximately 24 miles long and 15 miles wide at the widest part, with an area of about 200 square miles. It is located very close to the geographic center of the Alexander Archipelago which makes up Southeast Alaska.

Like most of Southeast Alaska, Mitkof Island is mountainous and heavily forested. The island’s highest point is Crystal Mountain (3317 ft.), with other peaks around 2500 feet. The vegetation consists of muskeg, a spongy, mossy bog, which always stays wet, and numerous trees and shrubs within the temperate rainforest.

The high, rugged mountains of the Alaska Coast Range, known for its spectacular fjords, icefields and tidewater glaciers, are on the mainland, just a few miles east of Petersburg across Frederick Sound. Petersburg is a jumping-off point for serious climbers of Devil’s Thumb’s 9000 foot sheer rock face. Devil’s Thumb is a prominent landmark, visible on a clear from most of Petersburg.


Surrounding Mountains
© John Doherty

Wrangell Narrows, 20 miles of narrow tidal waterway, separates Mitkof Island from its closest neighbor, Kupreanof Island. In some areas Wrangell Narrows is barely wide enough to accommodate the Alaska State ferries and does not allow for the passage of larger cruise ships. The “Narrows” is famous for its 65 lighted navigational markers, especially in the Green Rocks area where it seems you can reach out and touch the small channel islands. With tides that can range from a high of 21 feet to a low of -4 feet in one day, the water rushes through the Wrangell Narrows adding to the navigational challenges.


The Narrows and Petersburg
© Donel Judy

The Wrangell Narrows meets Frederick Sound near Petersburg at the north tip of Mitkof Island. Frederick Sound extends northwest connecting Stephens Passage and Chatham Strait. The rich waters of Frederick Sound are home to vigorous runs of salmon, deep dwelling halibut and are prime summer feeding area for humpback whales.

Petersburg is the gateway to nearby Stikine/LeConte and Petersburg Creek/Duncan Salt Chuck Wilderness Areas.

Information on timber harvest, wildlife & fisheries management, recreation, minerals and more.
http://www.fs.fed.us/r10/tongass/


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